What is Diabetes?

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), diabetes is the condition in which the body does not properly process food for use as energy.

Most of the food we eat is turned into glucose or sugar. We use that for our bodies for energy. The pancreas, an organ near the stomach, makes a hormone called insulin to help glucose get into the cells of our bodies.

When you have diabetes, your body either doesn't make enough insulin or can't use its own insulin as well as it should. This causes sugars to build up in your blood.

Here are the three types of diabetes: Type 1, Type 2 and gestational.

Type 1

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the body stops producing insulin. Insulin is an essential hormone for life. Left untreated, Type 1 can lead to serious complications, including death.

Symptoms

  • Feeling tired
  • Thirsty
  • Frequent urination
  • Blurry vision
  • Numb and tingling feet
  • Wounds that heal slowly

Treatment

Renown Health Executive HealthThe treatment for Type 1 diabetes is insulin administration. Without insulin, the body becomes acidic with symptoms of lethargy, fruity odor to the breath, stomach pains, nausea, vomiting and difficulty breathing.

At Renown's Health Improvement Programs, registered dietitians will teach you to calculate your insulin requirements based on your food intake. Registered nurses will teach insulin administration, blood sugar monitoring and prevention of complications.

Call us at 775-982-5073 to schedule a consultation.

Type 2

da-vinci-Bladder Kidney Prostate-300x200Type 2 diabetes is a hereditary disease causing insulin resistance and high blood sugars. Left untreated, type 2 can lead to serious complications.

Symptoms

  • Feeling tired
  • Thirsty
  • Frequent urination
  • Blurry vision
  • Numb and tingling feet
  • Wounds that heal slowly

Treatment

It can range from dietary changes and exercise to oral medications or insulin administration. At Renown's Health Improvement Programs, registered dietitians will teach you dietary changes to keep blood sugars controlled, and registered nurses will teach you how to monitor and control blood sugars to prevent complications.

Call us at 775-982-5073 to schedule a consultation.

Gestational

The Lactation ConnectionGestational Diabetes occurs when a pregnant woman develops high blood sugars due to hormones produced by the placenta. Typically, gestational diabetes resolves completely after the baby is delivered.

However, while pregnant, it is imperative that the mother keep her blood sugars perfect to ensure her baby develops normally and is delivered healthy.

At Renown's Health Improvement Programs, registered dietitians will create a personal meal plan to ensure both mother and baby are getting all of the required nutrients while keeping blood sugars controlled. Registered nurses will teach you how to monitor and control blood sugars to prevent complications with the pregnancy. Your doctor will screen for gestational diabetes, and refer you for this program.

Call us at 775-982-5073 to schedule a consultation.

More resources

Below are some ways to get help with this disease and be inspired by patients who have found a way to live life despite the disease.

What Questions to Ask Your Doctor?

WebMD suggests you ask your doctor the following questions when diagnosed with, or if you think you're developing, diabetes.

  • Does having it mean that I am at higher risk for other medical problems?
  • Should I start seeing other doctors regularly, such as an eye doctor?
  • Are there any new medications that I could use to help manage my diabetes?
  • What is the importance of diet?
  • How can exercise make a difference in my diabetes?
  • If I'm overweight, how many pounds do I have to lose to make a difference in my health?
  • Are my children at increased risk for the disease?

By the Numbers

  • In Nevada, more than 8.2 percent of the population is diagnosed with diabetes and more than 20 percent of the population is walking around undiagnosed.
  • Nearly 30 million children and adults in the United States have diabetes.
  • Another 86 million Americans have prediabetes and are at risk for developing type 2 diabetes.
  • The American Diabetes Association estimates that the total national cost of diagnosed diabetes in the United States is $245 billion.

Healthy News

Living with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes requires dedication, but with a good routine and the right tools, people with diabetes can live an active and healthy lifestyle. Rely on Renown's health and wellness blog, BestMEDICINE, for tips, videos, articles and more information to help manage your diabetes.

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