Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH)
The hip is a ball and socket joint. The ball portion is the round part of the proximal femur (thigh bone), while the socket portion is curved portion of the pelvis at the hip. In Infants and young children if the joint does not form normally, it is called hip dysplasia. (DDH). Although DDH most commonly presents at birth it can also develop during the first year of a child’s life. All children’s hips are screened by their pediatrician. If they find an abnormality or if your child is at risk for hip dysplasia, they will order an ultrasound of your child’s hip. Based on their exam finding or the ultrasound they will refer you to a pediatric Orthopedic Surgeon.
Treatment will depend on the age of your child and the severity of the hip dysplasia. Most children are successfully treated with a brace (Pavlik Harness). In some cases, children may require treatment with a cast or even surgery. The goal of the treatment is to allow the hip to develop normally and prevent hip problems as an adolescent or young adult.